What does GDPR stand for: a meaning and definition
The European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR for short) is built around two key principles.
- Citizens and residents will have more control over their personal information.
- Simplifying international business regulations with a unified law that applies across the European Union (EU).
It’s vital to remember that the GDPR applies to any company based in the EU, and in some cases, it may also apply to organizations headquartered outside the EU that process the personal data of EU individuals.
Does GDPR apply to small businesses?
Yes, GDPR apply to small business as well. Guidelines of gdpr for small business are all same throughout EU union.
When a company gathers personal data from a person in the EU, GDPR applies. This is true whether you’re a one-person shop or a multinational corporation with operations on six continents.
If you have fewer than 250 employees, you don’t have to retain a written record of your data processing activities unless:
- Your data processing activities could affect individuals’ rights and freedoms
- You process data covered by GDPR article 9. This is data that reveals an individual’s:
- Race or ethnicity.
- Political, religious or philosophical beliefs.
- Trade union membership.
- Genetic or biometric data, or data about the person’s health or sexuality.
- You handle personal data that falls under article 10, such as information about criminal offenses and convictions.
- You handle personal information on a regular basis.
Does GDPR apply to US companies?
Yes, indeed. GDPR applies to United States company if they:
- Carry business in EU.
- Don’t do business in the EU, but gather or monitor personal information about people who are physically present in the EU (this includes those who are visiting but don’t live there). It’s possible that you’re doing it without even recognizing it. Cookies on your website, for example, count as personal data under GDPR if they may be used to identify an individual.